April 16, 2024

Strategies for Capital Gains Tax Changes on Property


Selling a property is a significant financial event that could often come with a lot of tax implications.

One of the key concerns for property sellers is Capital Gains Tax Changes. This tax applies to the profit made when you sell an asset, such as a property, for more than you purchased it for. 

No one wants to pay more than they should on the gains on their property. 

But it can be your fate if you don’t know the legal strategies that the tax laws have made available to help reduce the taxes you pay when such instances occur. 

This is why I’ve decided to create a blog post where I will explore proven strategies to avoid capital gains tax and reduce your tax liability burden on property transactions, so you can keep more of your gains and enjoy your hard-earned money.

If this sounds like something you’re interested in, then let’s go forward together.

Why Should You Understand Capital Gains Tax on Property?

Capital gains tax can take a significant chunk out of your profits from selling a property. 

Being aware of how it works allows you to make informed decisions about your property ownership and potentially minimise your tax burden. This is especially important for investors who frequently buy and sell properties.

How are capital gains on property calculated?

Capital gains on property are the difference between the purchase price and the selling price, adjusted for any renovation costs and improvements. 

This calculation forms the basis of your capital gains tax liability.

It's important to factor in any renovation or improvement costs you've made to the property, as these can be added to the purchase price to reduce your taxable gain.

Capital Gains Tax Rates Calculation
Capital Gains Tax Rates Calculation

What are the capital gains tax rates for property?

The tax rate on capital gains varies, with specific tax rates applicable to different types of UK property. Knowing these rates is essential to strategies effectively.

In the United Kingdom, for example, capital gains are typically taxed at a lower rate than ordinary income. 

However, specific rates can differ depending on your tax bracket and whether the property was held for short-term (less than one year) or long-term (more than one year).

Are there any exemptions for capital gains tax on property?

Yes! There are exemptions available that can help reduce or eliminate your capital gains tax liability. 

A primary example is the primary residence exemption. This exemption allows homeowners to exclude a portion of the capital gains from the sale of their primary residence from taxation. 

However, specific requirements and limitations apply, so it's crucial to consult with a tax professional to determine your eligibility.

Key Strategies for Reducing Capital Gains Tax on Property

Now, let's explore some key strategies for reducing your capital gains tax and keeping more money in your pocket.

  1. Holding onto your property for a longer period

Time is money, especially when it comes to capital gains tax. 

The longer you hold a property, the more opportunities you have to benefit from tax reliefs and potentially reduce the CGT.

In many countries, including the UK, capital gains on property held for longer than a specific timeframe (usually one year) are taxed at a lower rate compared to short-term gains. This is because long-term ownership is seen as a more stable investment.

For instance, in the UK, long-term capital gains qualify for a lower tax rate than ordinary income, potentially saving you a significant amount on taxes.

  1. Utilising tax-efficient investment structures

Consider using tax-efficient investment structures like Limited Liability Companies (LLCs) or trusts to hold your property. These structures can offer various tax benefits, including shielding some profits from capital gains tax.

However, it's important to weigh the pros and cons of each structure and consult with a tax advisor to determine if it's the right fit for your situation. 

Here's a brief breakdown:

  1. Limited Liability Companies (LLCs): LLCs can provide liability protection for the owners while offering pass-through taxation, meaning the company's profits or losses pass through to the individual members' tax returns. This can be advantageous if the LLC incurs expenses related to the property that can be deducted from taxable income.
  2. Trusts: Trusts can be a complex strategy, but they can offer some flexibility in terms of managing ownership and potentially reducing capital gains tax liability. For example, a trust can be set up to transfer ownership of the property to beneficiaries over time, potentially spreading out the capital gains tax burden.
Tax Planning Strategy
Tax Planning Strategy

3. Maximising allowable deductions

Don't overlook the power of deductions! Renovation costs and depreciation can significantly reduce your CGT liability.

You can deduct certain expenses from your capital gains calculation, thereby reducing your taxable amount. These deductions can include:

  • Renovation and improvement costs made to the property that increase its value.
  • Selling costs like realtor commissions, closing fees, and advertising expenses.
  • Depreciation, which accounts for the gradual wear and tear of the property over time.

Keeping meticulous records of these expenses is crucial to claim them effectively.

4. Spousal Transfers

Transferring ownership to a spouse with a lower tax rate can be a clever way to reduce the capital gains tax bill.

If you are married and your spouse is in a lower tax bracket, transferring ownership of the property to them before selling can potentially reduce your overall capital gains tax liability. 

This strategy can be particularly effective if your spouse hasn't reached the tax bracket's capital gains tax exemption threshold.

5. Utilise the Primary Residence Exemption

The distinction between selling your primary residence and a second property is vast. The former can often be exempt from CGT, offering a significant opportunity to avoid paying CGT.

6. Leveraging Timeframes to Your Advantage

Timing is everything, especially when considering the tax year. Strategic planning around these dates can reduce your CGT liability.

7. Offset Losses Against Gains

One man's loss is another man's gain, quite literally in this case. By offsetting losses against gains made, you can reduce taxable gains.

8. Consider the Role of Inheritance

Inheriting a property comes with its own set of rules. Understanding these can help you avoid the capital gains tax altogether.

Planning and Considerations for Minimising Capital Gains Tax

Capital Gains Tax (CGT) requires strategic planning and careful consideration to ensure you maximise your financial gains while minimising tax liabilities.

Here are some essential considerations

  1. Consulting with a Tax Professional

Navigating capital gains tax can be complex, especially with different strategies and varying tax laws.

The complexity of tax rules means that professional advice is invaluable. A tax professional can provide tailored strategies to reduce your CGT.

A qualified tax professional can analyse your specific situation, recommend the most suitable strategies, and ensure you comply with all tax regulations. Their expertise can save you significant money in the long run.

Best Tax Consultant in UK
Best Tax Consultant in UK
  1. Keeping meticulous records

Documentation is your best friend when it comes to claiming deductions. Keeping detailed records can save you a significant amount of tax.

Maintaining detailed records of your property's purchase price, renovation costs, and other relevant expenses is vital. These records are crucial for claiming allowable deductions and accurately calculating your capital gains tax liability.

  1. Understanding the impact on future investments

Looking ahead, inheritance tax planning is crucial for property owners. The right strategies can protect your heirs from unnecessary capital gains tax on inherited property.

Every decision has implications for your future tax liabilities. Consider the tax implications of reinvesting gains carefully.

Remember that reinvesting your capital gains can have future tax implications. Consider how the new investment's tax treatment might affect your overall financial picture.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Reducing Capital Gains Tax

Avoid these pitfalls to ensure you're not missing out on opportunities to reduce your capital gains tax:

  1. Selling your property too soon

As discussed earlier, holding onto your property for a longer period (typically over a year) can qualify you for lower capital gains tax rates.

Selling too soon might negate this benefit and increase your tax burden. Meeting the holding period requirements is crucial to qualify for certain tax reliefs.

  1. Neglecting to claim allowable deductions

Make sure you're claiming all the deductions you're entitled to, so you don't miss out on tax benefits.

Failing to claim legitimate deductions like renovation costs, depreciation, and selling expenses can significantly inflate your taxable capital gains. Meticulously document your expenses to ensure you maximize allowable deductions.

  1. Making impulsive decisions without proper tax planning

Rushing into selling your property without considering the tax implications can be costly. Thoughtful planning is key to minimizing tax liabilities.

Utilise tax planning strategies like those discussed earlier and consult with a tax professional to make informed decisions that minimize your tax liability.


Dealing with the complexities of capital gains tax on property can seem overwhelming, but armed with the right strategies and advice, you can significantly reduce your tax liability. 

Remember, the goal is not just to avoid capital gains tax but to make informed decisions that align with your overall financial objectives. 

By applying these strategies, you can significantly reduce your CGT and pave the way for a more prosperous future. 

I hope this was helpful.

To your success!

Meet Omar

Omar is a Chartered Tax Advisor (a.k.a an expert on tax issues) and founder of ASWATAX. He regularly shares his knowledge and best advice here in his blog and on other channels such as LinkedIn.
Book a call today to learn more about what Omar and ASWATAX can do for you.

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